The Olympic Games is the competition in many sports between countries around the world, symbolizing the solidarity and peace of all humanity.
There are two types of Olympic Games: Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics.
The Summer Olympics are held every four years from 1896, except for years of World War II (such as World War II).
The Winter Olympics was founded in 1924 for winter sports. It was originally held the same year as the Summer Olympics, but since 1994, the Winter Olympics and the Summer Olympics have been interspersed every two years.
According to legend, the ancient Olympic Games were founded by God Heracles, the son of Zeus. The first competition was held in 776 BC. In this Olympic Games, runner Coroebus won the Olympic Stadium with a distance of about 192 meters and became the first Olympic champion in history.
The ancient Olympic Games developed and maintained every four years for nearly 1,200 years. In 393 AD, Roman Emperor Theodosius I, a Christian, canceled the Olympics due to their pagan influences.
About 1,500 years later, Pierre de Coubertin was a French aristocrat who began to revive the Olympics after realizing that it was gymnastics, more specific sports that would make people strong and athletic.
In 1890, he organized and founded the French Sports Union (Union des Sociétés Francaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA)). Two years later, Coubertin first came up with the idea of reviving the Olympic Games.
Two years later, Coubertin held a meeting with 79 delegates representing nine countries to announce the restoration of the Olympic Games. Delegates at the meeting voted unanimously for the Olympic restoration plan and decided to set up an international committee to organize the Olympic Games. This committee became the International Olympic Committee (IOC – Comité International Olympique), and Demetrious Vikelas, the Greek delegate, was elected the first president of the Olympic Committee. Aten was chosen to host the first Olympic Games, and planning began.
Since its restoration and completion to date, the Olympic Games have gone through 26 congresses. Today’s Olympics are held every 4 years. Except for the years when the World War occurred, the Olympics were not held.
The women’s marathon is not included in the Ancient Olympics. Famous Greeks who attended the ancient Olympic Games: Philosopher Socrates, Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle and Hippocrates – the father of medicine.
Women were not allowed to compete in the ancient Olympic Games,. A few women did not accept this discrimination and disguised themselves as men to compete, though the punishment at the time was to be thrown down from the top of Mount Typaion if discovered.